Despite being the least populated state in India, Sikkim is a paradise for nature lovers. Situated in the northeastern part of the country, Sikkim is bounded by West Bengal in the south and with Bhutan in its southeast, Nepal in the west and the northeastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Beautiful mountains, deep valleys and biodiversity make Sikkim a favorite destination for tourists. Gangtok is the capital and largest city of Sikkim and is situated at an altitude of 5500 feet on the hills of Shivalik. The beautiful Kanchenjunga, which is the third largest mountain in the world, can be seen from Gangtok. The total area of Sikkim is about 7000 square kilometers with a total population of 6 lakhs. In most areas, the summers in the hills, Sikkim, are soothing as the temperature does not exceed 28 degrees, while residents say the freezing temperatures dropped during the winter to below freezing during winter. Sikkim became a part of India in 1975 and since then, the political structure of the state follows the rest of the country. The legislative assembly consists of 32 members properly elected through elections.
About the demographics of Sikkim
The population of Sikkim does not exceed 6 lakhs, comprising 50% males and 50% females. The Lepchas were the original inhabitants and the natives of this place. Most industrialists in Sikkim have Lepchas since birth. Bhuddis, or people who have come from the Kham district of Tibet, are the second ethnic group of Sikkim. They were known to bring Buddhism to this place and were great farmers and traders. The third ethnic group is formed by Nepal which forms a major part of the population in Sikkim. In the northern and eastern parts of the state, some families of Tibetans are found. Apart from these, some Bengali, Marwari and Bihari caste residents, who migrated to the place a few decades ago. Buddhism and Hinduism are the two religions prevailing in this state. Although the first people were of Lipcha origin, there is a small Christian community of people converted to Christianity by the colonial British. There are small number of Muslims here though, despite having so many religions in different religions, there has never been any communal riots or protests between them.
History of Sikkim
Sikkim has an important political past that reflects many important events related to tribal rulers, including the British authority as well as the inclusion of the state as a part of India. The three tribes, the Mon, the Naong and the Chang, invaded and asserted them in the 17th century before they were used in the Kingdom of the Kingdom. During this time, the monarchy existed in Sikkim and the most prominent state was that of the Chogis, who were the undisputed rulers of the state. When the British arrived in the country, the Emperors of Sikkim allied with them to fight Nepali and Bhutanese, who were gradually creating threats for them. With Indian independence in 1947, the state became a protectorate under India, which took on the responsibilities of defense, external relations, as well as strategic communication. However, at the time of passing, the residents of Sikkim wanted more political freedom through democracy and hence five elections were held before 1975.